Democracy : Utopia or Not ? – The Prelude

To answer the question Democracy : Utopia or Not? One first needs to understand what democracy is, its premises and types.

Demos means the people! Do you think democracy is of the people? For the people? Or even by the people.

Democracy is attributed to have its origin from tribal societies; where elders would take part in decisions or matters of concern. In fact, over the years several anthropological and social studies have confirmed; that democracy has been around since we started to settle into agrarian societies. Eventhough the first documented uses of it as a political tool was by ancient Greeks almost 3 millennia ago. Anywho, the democracy that we know today only came to be in late 19th and early 20th century with the adoption of full adult enfranchisement, all thanks to the suffragette movement.

Whatever may be the case, one thing is certain, over the millennia it has garnered fame, as the most popular way of ruling. Although democracy is deemed as, of the people, for the people, or for that matter by the people but contemporary democracy is way more than that. In my opinion, current democracies are more focused on opportunities to control or mislead masses with false promises of utopia, than on uphelding the actual premises of democracy; In fact, we have now polluted it with elements of oligarchic, monarchic, autocracy and coalition.

“actual premises of democracy” may seem like a fancy term, but for a democracy to function properly, there actually are some minimum premises that require upholding. All in all, democracy is not a mere political process but an elaborate system of fundamental rights.

Fundamental Rights Like :

  1. Contestation: ability to express discontent through speech and press. So that citizens can meet and discuss their views without fear of persecution.
  2. Participation and equality: Citizens to have the right to cast vote for or against policies of the state, and all their votes must be counted equally against the votes of others.
  3. Informed electorate: Members of the dēmos must have the opportunity, to learn about the policy and possible alternative and their likely consequences.
  4. Citizen control of government agenda: Citizens and citizens alone, decide how and what matters are placed on decision-making agenda
  5. Freedom of information: There must exist independent sources of information, not under the control of the government or single group while having the full protection of the law. And all citizens are entitled to seek out and use such sources of information.

Though the impulses, politics and historical circumstances that fostered these fundamental rights were not always themselves democratic. Yet, as they developed, it became apparent that they were necessary for achieving democracy in any political association as large as a nation or a state.

In fact, a perfect democracy is almost unattainable, therefore its imperative that we incorporate, not only what’s, best in the abstract, but also what’s best relatively to circumstances. After all, every form of the regime has both an ideal and a perverted form.

For instance, ideally “rule by one” is a monarchy but tyranny if perverse;
“rule by the few” is aristocracy but oligarchy if perverse;
just as the “rule by many” is ideally a “polity” but democracy in its perverted form.
In a bid to attain perfect democracy we have created many forms of it over the years. These forms are broadly categorised as :
  1. Direct Democracy : Which places all power in the hands of the individual. All political decisions are made by individuals casting a vote. Though it sounds like the ideal form of government; In practice, however, this system is hard to implement. Only small political communities tend to use direct democracy because with the expansion in the size of the electorate and the scope of policy areas, direct democracy can become unwieldy.
    Example: ancient athens or perhaps switzerland
  2. Representative Democracy : Here an intermediary political actor is established between the individual and the policy outputs of the state. These intermediaries are elected via an electoral process and assigned the task of making decisions on behalf of the citizens who choose them. Generally, these democracies have two houses called, the upper house and the lower house. The number of intermediaries appointed to these houses is based on the population of the state. Although in this system, the power of the individual is diminished slightly, their political representations are still beholden to their intermediaries. Scheduled regular elections, allows the public to evaluate performances of the elected which in turn helps foster a relationship of accountability between voters and those that they put into power. Such democracies are implemented in various ways, the main mechanisms are:
    1. Parliamentary Democracy : They place power in the hands of the legislative branch comprised of elected representatives. The party with the highest number of votes then selects the head of the government known as prime minister or chancellor. One distinct characteristic of this system is the split executive which consists of the head of government and the head of state. The head of government controls the legislative process and policymaking agendas while the head of state just serves as the ceremonial representative of the country.
      Example: UK (monarchy parliamentary democracy) and India (republican parliamentary democracy)
    2. Presidential Democracy : They concentrate power in the executive branch where public elects representatives for both the executive and legislative branches. Interestingly, legislative elections have no bearing on the composition of the executive branch. Here it’s entirely possible for one party to gain a majority in both houses yet for another party to win the presidency. These democracies operate under a very distinct separation of powers. The legislature controls the budget, proposes and passes policy, approves appointments to the cabinet positions, and ratifies foreign treaties while the executive serves as commander-in-chief, appoints executive cabinet members and representatives of the Supreme Court while serving as the head of state and the head of government.
      Example: USA, Panama, and France



​ Eternal life or Eternal Youth what would you choose?

Eternity a word that has eluded mankind from aeons. Since, time immemorial mythos and civilisation have been in pursuits eternal life and youth. Even with the advent of science and technology this magnetic attraction has not lost its awe but instead has grown more prominent. The premise of immortality has always been associated with gods and since humans first conceive the notion of god they have been trying to become one.
post your reply : Eternal life or Eternal Youth what would you choose?
a work in progrsss…..will update soon

Dear destiny, 

How you or more importantly where are you. Its been ages since we first meet in the hospital during my birth. You introduced yourself with so much brightness and exuberance. Even tough I couldn’t introduce my self back then but today I am writing this letter to you as I think it’s time we should meet again. up.  Don’t you worry I won’t grill you about my life or money.  Your reputation precedes you, 

I have heard so much praises about you over these 20-25 odd years that I wonder…. 

Readers please advice on this???

A letter to Destiny


What is sympathy:It’s toxic, obnoxious and crap.